The Egyptian parliament’s legislative and constitutional affairs committee began on Sunday discussing a long-awaited law formulated to redraw Egypt’s electoral districts.
The law, drafted by the parliamentary majority ‘Support Egypt’ coalition, is the last of five laws that aim to pave the way for holding Egypt’s parliamentary elections next November.
The first four laws, passed on 17 June, were related to regulating the exercise of political rights, forming and electing the House of Representatives, forming and electing the Senate, and regulating the performance of the National Elections Authority (NEA).
Leader of the Support Egypt coalition Abdel-Hadi Al-Qasabi told reporters on Sunday that the draft law states that 143 districts will be created to elect 284 deputies via the individual candidacy system, and another four districts will be formed to elect another 284 deputies through the closed list system.
“The law, in line with the constitution, also stipulates that 25 percent of seats be allocated to women representatives,” Al-Qasabi said, adding that “the president of the republic will be empowered by the constitution to name 28 appointees (5 percent).”
“This will bring the number of Egypt’s coming parliament to a total 596 deputies,” he said. “This division guarantees equality, legality and fairness," he added.
The draft law divides the 134 individual seats among Egypt’s 27 governorates as follows: Cairo (19), Giza (12), Alexandria (6), Port Said (2), Ismailia (3), Suez (one), Qalioubiya (6), Sharqiya (8), Daqahliya (10), Damietta (2), Kafr El-Sheikh (4), Gharbiya (7), Menoufiya (6), Beheira (9), Fayoum (4), Beni Suef (4), El-Minya (6), Assiut (4), Sohag (8), Qena (4), Luxor (3), Aswan (4), Marsa Matrouh (2), New Valley (2), Red Sea (2), North Sinai (2), South Sinai (2).
As for the party list districts, four will be created: Cairo and the Middle and South Nile Delta; the North and Middle and South of Upper Egypt; the Eastern Nile Delta; and Western Nile Delta and Alexandria.
The law is expected to be discussed and approved by parliament on Monday or Tuesday and before MPs adjourn for summer recess.