President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi
The law, which was published in the official gazette on Monday, gives power to the prime minister to impose any measures necessary to combat epidemics and pandemics with the aim of preserving the health and lives of citizens.
According to the new law, the prime minister will be allowed to declare a state of pandemic emergency to combat epidemics and pandemics.
The law also gives the premier the power of closing and reopening schools, nurseries, universities, institutes, any other educational institutions, and any gatherings of students during pandemics and epidemics.
The powers given to the premier will be for a limited period of time, mostly for one year, and subject to renewal.
Under the law, citizens will be obliged to abide by all the protective measures declared by health authorities such as wearing face masks and receiving vaccines.
Article Five of the law also states that "those who incite citizens to violate or disrupt the measures and procedures to be taken by the prime minister under this law will be sentenced to one year in jail and a financial fine of no more than EGP 10,000."