Egypt’s Dar Al-Ifta prohibits deepfake video and audio clips

Ahram Online , Friday 7 Jan 2022

Egypt’s Dar Al-Ifta said on Thursday that it was not permissible to use AI technology (deepfake) to fabricate video or audio clips of others to show them doing or saying something they did not actually do or say because it is a lie.

Dar Al-Ifta
Dar Al-Ifta building. Photo courtesy of Dar Al-Ifta website.

“It is not permissible to use AI technology (deepfake) because it is a lie and deceit contrary to reality and Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) said ‘He who deceives us is not one of us,’” the country's Islamic institution responsible for issuing religious edicts said, adding the Prophet’s quote was a clear and prohibits cheating in all its forms.

According to Dar Al-Ifta, Islam encourages innovation and invention, but it circumscribes innovation with a moral fence meant to prevent harm to oneself or others.

“The fabrication of these clips using deepfake with the intent of harming others is forbidden according to Prophet Mohamed (PBUH) quote ‘no harm to oneself or others,’” Dar Al-Ifta said, adding that Islam prohibits intimidating others, even for entertainment.

Dar Al-Ifta also pointed out that the dissemination of misleading information is criminalized by Law 175/2018 covering information technology crimes.

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