Security forces arrested Mostafa Issa, prominent Muslim Brotherhood member and former governor of Minya, on Tuesday, MENA reported.
Issa was taken from in front of the building where his private clinic is located.
Egyptian prosecution ordered Issa's arrest on charges of "inciting violence" during recent conflicts in the Minya governorate.
Following the dispersal of two pro-Morsi sit-ins by security forces on 14 August, the governorate of Minya has witnessed ongoing civil strife, during which dozens have been killed and several buildings, including churches and Coptic houses, were burned, allegedly by Morsi supporters.
On Monday, security forces arrested Saad El-Husseini, former governor of Kafr El-Sheikh, in a house in the fifth settelement district of New Cairo.
These arrests are part of a state crackdown on Muslim Brotherhood leaders and cadres over the last few weeks, which has amounted to the arrest and detention of several hundred members who are awaiting investigation or trial.