Hundreds of Muslim Brotherhood students at Cairo’s Al-Azhar university protested on Sunday demanding the dismissal of the university President and Al-Azhar's Grand Imam.
The administration threatened to take legal procedures against whoever disrupts "the educational system."
Tens of female students formed a group called the "Ultras Azhari girls," to defend the legitimacy of ousted president Morsi within Al-Azhar University.
Using the tambour and other Ultras inspired chants, the group held a rally on Al-Azhar's University campus in the girls' section, chanting slogans such as, "the voice of the woman is revolution," and, "the voice of woman is not nakedness".
The Ultras Azhari girls group demands the reinstatement of ousted president Mohamed Morsi to his former position as Egypt's president, as well as the reinstatement of the Shura council and currently-suspended 2012 constitution.Groups of students have been protesting what they call a "military coup" that toppled Islamist president Mohamed Morsi. They reject the country's interim leadership and call for Morsi's reinstatement. They’re also demanding that their detained colleagues be freed.
On 17 October, student protests at Al-Azhar turned violent, when police intervened to disperse what they said was a non-peaceful demonstration.
The Interior Ministry said in a statement that police only fired teargas at students after they rioted outside the university gates and blocked roads around campus.
At least seven students were arrested and a policeman was injured, according to security sources.
The university's student union, however, maintains 30 students were arrested.
Helwan University students belonging to the Muslim Brotherhood organised a protest that led to clashes with fellow students supporting the armed forces, State News Agency MENA reported.
According to MENA, pro-army students were provoked after pro-Morsi students chanted against the military and waved the four-finger sign that represents Rabaa Al-Adawiya, a Cairo suburban where Morsi supporters were protesting for over six-weeks before the police violently dispersed the sit-in in August.
University security intervened to prevent further escalation.
Some pro-army students climbed to the top of one of the university's buildings, where they shredded the Rabaa sign and raised the Egyptian flag.
Meanwhile in Egypt’s Nile delta,a twin protest erupted on Al-Azhar’s campus in Tanta, where tens of Muslim Brotherhood students chanted against the military, denouncing the detention of their colleagues
This demonstration was countered by another student march in support of the military, demanding the implementation of the post-Morsi road map.
Since the start of the new academic year in September, tensions have escalated on university campuses, with scuffles breaking out between Brotherhood loyalists and their rivals.
Pro-Morsi student protesters at Al-Azhar University say they are planning a 'surprise' escalation Monday.