Somalis who fled drought-stricken areas carry their belongings as they arrive at a makeshift camp on the outskirts of the capital Mogadishu, Somalia Friday, Feb. 4, 2022. AP
Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Abdirashid Mohamed Ahmed and Coastline Exploration Ltd had announced on late Saturday seven production sharing agreements (PSAs) covering deep water offshore blocks.
Ahmed hailed it as a "huge moment" for Somalia, one of the poorest countries in the world, which is in the grip of a political crisis over long-delayed elections and also battling a jihadist insurgency.
"Recently completed seismic programmes indicate that Somalia has the potential to become a significant oil and gas producing country," he said in a statement.
The PSAs "will have an immediate positive effect on the country", he said, and are expected to generate tens of millions of dollars for federal and state coffers.
But both Somalia's president and prime minister -- who are often at loggerheads -- swiftly denounced the deal late Saturday.
The office of President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, better known by his nickname Farmajo, said it flouted a decree that bans the signing of any agreements with foreign governments or entities during the election period.
"Therefore the agreement which the minister signed is null and void," it said in a statement.
Prime Minister Mohamed Hussein Roble also dismissed the agreement as "illegal, unacceptable" in a post on Twitter, saying he would "take all appropriate measures to protect our national resources".
Somalia is plodding through an election process that is more than a year overdue and has been marred by violence, including an attack Saturday in the central town of Beledweyne that killed 14 people on the eve of a round of voting for parliamentary seats there.
Coastline, which is based in Houston, Texas, had hailed the deal as a "defining moment" for Somalia, which has so far not produced oil or gas although exploration started in the 1950s before being derailed by the civil war.
"Somalia contains the largest remaining unexplored set of basins situated in warm waters in the world," Coastline chief executive W. Richard Anderson said in a statement.
There was no immediate response from Coastline to requests for comment about the Somali leaders' reaction to the deal.