Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy talks during a joint press conference with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida in Kyiv, Ukraine, Tuesday, March 21, 2023. AP
The Russian invasion has devastated Ukraine's economy, causing activity to contract by around 30 percent last year, destroying much of its capital stock and fueling poverty, according to the IMF.
The 48-month Extended Fund Facility program approved by the fund's board is worth roughly $15.6 billion. It forms the IMF's portion of a $115 billion overall support package comprised of debt relief, grants and loans by multilateral and bilateral institutions, the organization confirmed in a press conference Friday.
The new four-year program aims to "anchor macroeconomic and financial stability as well as to undertake critical structural reforms as the war continues," IMF deputy managing director Gita Gopinath said in a statement.
Of the total amount approved by the IMF, $2.7 billion is being made available to Ukraine immediately, with the rest of the funds due to be released over the next four years.
The more "ambitious structural reforms" to support sustained growth and post-war reconstruction, as well as facilitate Ukraine's path to EU accession among other goals, will be left until active combat ends, she added.
The program also includes additional guarantees from some IMF members in the event that active combat continues beyond the current estimate of mid-2024.
If the current conflict were to continue into 2025, it would raise Ukraine's financial needs from $115 billion to around $140 billion, said the IMF.