Gunmen travel on an army truck with members of a police special forces battalion after the latter were captured by the fighters, in the Iraqi city of Tikrit June 12, 2014 (Photo: Reuters)
Iraqi forces clashed with militants advancing on the city of Baquba, just 50 kilometres (30 miles) north of Baghdad, on Friday, as an offensive spearheaded by jihadists drew closer to the capital.
Security forces were battling militants on the outskirts of Muqdadiyah, 35 kilometres (23 miles) northeast of Baquba, police and army officers said.
Baquba is the capital of Diyala province, whose mixed Arab, Kurdish, Sunni and Shia population has made it a byword for violence ever since the US-led inavasion of 2003.
The militants have already captured two provincial capitals this week -- Tikrit in Salaheddin province and second city Mosul in Nineveh.
President Barack Obama said Washington was examining "all the options" to help Iraq's beleaguered security forces resist the offensive, spearheaded by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), which began in Mosul late on Monday.
Washington has found rare common cause with its longtime foe Tehran, with both voicing dismay at the Sunni extremists' advance and pledging to boost aid to the Shia-led government.
ISIL spokesman Abu Mohammed al-Adnani vowed its fighters would press on to the capital and, further south, to the Shia shrine city of Karbala, visited by millions of pilgrims from around the world each year.