Iraq forces in final push to retake Ramadi

AFP , Wednesday 23 Dec 2015

Iraqi security forces gather to advance towards the center of Ramadi city, December 22, 2015. (Photo: Reuters)

Iraqi forces closed in on the Islamic State group's last redoubts in central Ramadi Wednesday to retake the city they lost in May and further shrink the militant' "caliphate".

A day after punching deep into the city centre, forces led by the elite counter-terrorism service (CTS) inched towards the governmental compound in Ramadi, the capital of Iraq's vast Anbar province.

"The anti-terrorism troops are now poised to break into the Hoz area where the governmental compound is located," a brigadier general in the force told AFP.

The recapture of the compound would mark another key step towards reasserting full control over Ramadi, whose liberation a CTS spokesman said Tuesday would be achieved in three days.

Government forces, which have been supported by daily air strikes from the US-led coalition, had to move carefully through the devastated city, whose deserted streets were littered with rubble and shrapnel.

Retreating IS fighters usually booby-trap their abandoned positions, plant roadside bombs and move in tunnels which can also be trapped with huge explosive charges.

Iraqi forces clearing residential neighbourhoods in Ramadi were finding huge amounts of ammunition and explosives, including rockets made from gas canisters.

Officials estimated before the latest push into Ramadi that no more than 300 IS fighters remained holed up in the centre.

"The fall of Ramadi is inevitable, the end is coming but... it's going be a tough fight," the US-led coalition's spokesman, Colonel Steve Warren, told reporters on Tuesday.

He said thousands of civilians were still believed to be inside Ramadi, some of them used as human shields by ISIS or by the Arabic acronym Daesh.

Several officials said groups of ISIS fighters were trying to slip through gaps in the Iraqi forces' net around the city.

"Dozens of Daesh members have withdrawn from the city centre towards Sufiya and Sichariyah," east of Ramadi along the Euphrates Valley, said Ibrahim al-Fahdawi, who heads the security committee in Khaldiya district.

The recapture of Ramadi would further isolate ISIS-held Fallujah -- which lies half way on the road to Baghdad -- and undermine the viability of the group's self-proclaimed "caliphate".

Iraq's defence minister, Khaled al-Obeidi, said last week that successive operations by the Iraqi security forces and its allies had shrunk the territory held by ISIS in Iraq from roughly 40 percent of the country last year to 17 percent.

Tuesday's big push into central Ramadi was only the latest step in a months-long operation, which saw Iraqi forces gradually close in after cutting off supply lines into Anbar and retaking neighbourhoods, key roads and bridges one after the other.

"This has been a grinding battle of attrition. I think ISIS in Ramadi is exhausted. The city has been isolated for a while," said David Witty, a retired US army special forces colonel and former advisor to CTS.

The slow pace of the Ramadi operation had triggered calls from some critics for a greater role for the Shiite-dominated Hashed al-Shaabi paramilitary forces or even US troops on the ground.

But Baghdad largely stuck to its strategy, resorting to newly trained local forces from Anbar to move in and hold the ground reconquered by federal forces.

The loss of Ramadi in mid-May had been Baghdad's worst defeat in the war against ISIS and its recapture would provide a welcome morale boost to the country's much-criticised military.

"It could be symbolic in strengthening more local resistance in Anbar against ISIS, supported by Iraqi federal forces," Witty said.

The militant group, which swept through swathes of Iraq in early June 2014, still controls much of Anbar, which is Iraq's largest province and has borders with Syria, Jordan and Saudi Arabia.

Government forces, allied Shiite militia and Kurdish peshmerga forces are also battling ISIS on other fronts.

The militant group still controls Mosul, Iraq's second city.

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