Iran, France hail 'new relationship'

AFP , Thursday 28 Jan 2016

Rouhani, Hollande
French President Francois Hollande and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (L) arrive to give a joint press conference on January 28, 2016 at the Elysee presidential Palace in Paris. (Photo: AFP)

Iran's President Hassan Rouhani and his French counterpart Francois Hollande hailed a "new relationship" between their countries Thursday as the leader of the Islamic Republic visited Paris to seal a host of post-sanctions deals.

A commitment for Tehran to buy 118 Airbus aircraft was the most eye-catching of the deals that also included agreements for carmaker Peugeot to return to Iran and for Total to buy Iranian crude oil.

"A new era in our relationship starts today," Hollande said at a press conference with Rouhani.

The Iranian president called earlier for both countries to take advantage of the "positive atmosphere" following the lifting of sanctions over the Islamic Republic's nuclear programme.

"Let us forget the resentment," Rouhani said. "We are ready to turn the page" and establish a "new relationship", he said.

French Prime Minister Manuel Valls said Iran "can count on France".

Rouhani was welcomed to Paris with military honours and national anthems before addressing business leaders.

Deals agreed Thursday included a $25 billion (22 billion euros) accord under which Iran will purchase 73 long-haul and 45 medium-haul Airbus passenger planes to update its ageing fleet.

The countries signed a memorandum of understanding because the aircraft deal cannot be finalised until sanctions are fully lifted.

"The sky has brightened for Iranian passengers, and Airbus is pleased to welcome the return of Iran to the international civil aviation community," said the boss of the European aircraft maker, Fabrice Bregier.

Carmaker Peugeot said it will return to the Iranian market in a five-year deal worth 400 million euros ($436 million).

Peugeot will produce 200,000 vehicles a year in a joint venture with local manufacturer Iran Khodro, according to a statement.

The French carmaker was forced to pull out of Iran in 2012 as sanctions began to bite.

In another bonanza for France, oil giant Total agreed to take between 150,000 and 200,000 barrels of Iranian crude a day.

French construction firms will also upgrade Iranian airports.

While the French state rolled out the red carpet for Rouhani, hundreds of people held a demonstration in Paris protesting against Iran's human rights record.

Speakers noted that around 2,000 people have been executed in Iran since Rouhani came to power three years ago.

Maryam Radjavi, president of the National Council of Resistance of Iran (CNRI), condemned Rouhani's "facade of moderation" and said he was "implicated in all the atrocities of this regime and as a result should be brought to justice for crimes against humanity".

Hollande himself said he had reminded Rouhani that France was "committed to human rights".

Rouhani's talks with Hollande also touched on Iran's role in Syria, where Tehran is backing President Bashar al-Assad in a war that has killed 260,000 people.

With talks on the conflict due to begin in Geneva hanging in the balance, Hollande called for them to start as soon as possible.

"We urgently need to put in place humanitarian measures and negotiate a political transition. It is possible," Hollande said.

Earlier, Rouhani referred to Iran's bitter feud with regional rival Saudi Arabia, telling an audience in Paris that "some countries had wanted to use terrorism for their own means".

"But this is a hand grenade with the pin removed," he said.

Rouhani had begun his European visit in Italy, where he sealed deals for steel and pipelines worth between 15 and 17 billion euros and visited Pope Francis at the Vatican.

Rouhani, a 67-year-old former academic and diplomat who is seen as a pragmatist, was elected on a pledge to end sanctions and improve relations with the West.

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