Timeline: Palestinian-Israeli conflict since 1991

AFP , Friday 23 Sep 2011

A summary of the recent history of the conflict, as the Palestinians prepare to submit their bid for membership to the UN

The Palestinians are Friday set to submit to the United Nations an application for membership for their state along the 1967 borders, a move vehemently opposed by both Israel and Washington.

Here is a timeline of key events in the Palestinian-Israeli conflict over the last two decades:

1991:
-- 1 November : The Madrid Peace Conference sets a framework for the peace process.

1993:
-- 13 September: Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) sign Declaration of Principles on autonomy after months of secret negotiations in Oslo.

1994:
-- 4 May: Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat sign the autonomy accord in Cairo.
-- 1 July: Arafat returns from a decade in exile in Tunisia to establish the Palestinian Authority, which was to oversee the road to statehood.

1995:
-- 4 November: Rabin is assassinated by a Jewish extremist.

2000:
-- 11-25 July: US president Bill Clinton hosts talks with Arafat and Israeli premier Ehud Barak at Camp David that collapse over the issues of Jerusalem and Palestinian refugees.
-- September: Eruption of the second Palestinian intifada, or uprising, against the Israeli occupation.

2003:
-- 4 June: Launch of the Middle East "roadmap" for the creation of a Palestinian state by 2005 at a summit in Jordan with US president George W. Bush, Israeli premier Ariel Sharon and his Palestinian counterpart, Mahmud Abbas.

2004:
-- 11 November: Death of Arafat.

2005:
-- 2 February: Sharon and Abbas -- now Palestinian president -- meet in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, and declare an end to hostilities.
-- August: Israel carries out its unilateral disengagement plan, withdrawing all its settlers and soldiers from the Gaza Strip.

2007:
-- 27 November: Abbas and Israeli premier Ehud Olmert formally restart negotiations at Annapolis, Maryland.

2008:
-- 27 December: Israel begins a devastating 22-day military offensive in the Gaza Strip, prompting the Palestinians to suspend talks.

2010:
-- 9 May: Indirect talks start.
-- 2 September: US President Barack Obama launches direct talks at a White House summit with Abbas and Israeli premier Benjamin Netanyahu.
-- 28 September: A partial freeze of West Bank settlement building expires, leading to the collapse of direct talks.
-- November: Palestinian officials begin talking publicly about seeking UN membership for a Palestinian state on the lines that existed before the 1967 Six Day War incorporating the West Bank, Gaza Strip and east Jerusalem.

2011:
-- 20 March: Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erakat says seeking UN membership for a Palestinian state is the official strategy although no date is set.
-- 28 May: The Arab League endorses the plan to seek UN membership in September when the General Assembly convenes.
-- 21 September: Obama insists at the UN General Assembly that only negotiations can lead to a Palestinian state.

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