Lebanese president calls probe into Beirut blast 'complex'

AP , Sunday 16 Aug 2020

The cause of the fire that ignited nearly 3,000 tons of ammonium nitrate stored at Beirut's port remains unclear

Diggers remove earth at the blast site next to the silos at the port of Beirut on August 16, 2020, in the aftermath of the massive explosion there that ravaged Lebanon's capital AFP

Lebanese President Michel Aoun said the probe into this month's devastating blast in Beirut is ``very complex'' and would not be finished quickly.

Responding to calls that he step down, Aoun told French TV station BFMTV that it would be ``impossible`` because it would create a power vacuum. The interview, his first with foreign media since the Aug. 4 blast, aired late Saturday.

The cause of the fire that ignited nearly 3,000 tons of ammonium nitrate stored at Beirut's port remains unclear. Documents have emerged showing that the country's top leadership, including Aoun, and security officials were aware of the chemicals that had been stored there for years.

The blast killed 180 people and wounded more than 6,000. At least 30 people are still missing.

Aoun said the probe is divided into three parts. The first aims to determine the circumstances surrounding the cargo, the second where it came from and who shipped it and the third to find who was responsible for handling and securing it.

``We had the determination to reach conclusions quickly, but we found out that the issues are very complex and require time,'' said Aoun.

When asked about what measures he took when he learned of the explosives in July, Aoun said the information came to him ``very late,'' but his military adviser was reassured that those with direct responsibility were handling the matter.

``They all were informed,'' Aoun said, adding that he made sure those who could take measures to secure the area were in the loop.

Aoun said the FBI and French investigators were helping because ``they, more than us, have the capability and ability to find out the details of what got the ship here, what is the source and who owns it.''

A nine-member team of FBI investigators landed in Beirut on Sunday, according to a Lebanese aviation official.

Aoun, who is backed by the powerful Hezbollah militia, said he asked for satellite images to determine if there was an air raid, saying he hasn't ruled out the possibility of a foreign missile attack.

Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah has denied his group has any role in the explosion and said any international probe would likely seek to clear Israel of responsibility in the port explosion, if it had a hand.

Israel has denied involvement and so far no evidence has emerged to suggest otherwise.

Many Lebanese want the probe taken out of the hands of their government, fearing that bickering among the long-entrenched political factions, notorious for corruption, won't allow any results to come to light that are damaging to their leadership.

Popular anger has swelled over the ruling elite's corruption, mismanagement and political uncertainty. Under pressure, Lebanon's government, also backed by Hezbollah and allies, resigned Aug. 10. For now, there are no formal consultations underway on who will replace Hassan Diab as prime minister and no likely candidate has emerged.

Asked about the public anger, Aoun said he shares the rage.

``They call me the father of the people,'' he said. ``I am one of them.''

But Aoun said ``it is impossible'' for him to step down because it would create a power vacuum. He also said the moment is not right to hold presidential elections.

``The political and popular atmosphere can't take new elections before restoring calm,'' he said. ``They would be emotional, and not a true representation of the people.''

Aoun was elected in 2016, breaking more than two years of deadlock in Lebanon, which remained without a president.

In light of last week's deal establishing full diplomatic relations between the Israel and United Arab Emirates, Aoun didn't rule out that Lebanon may one day make peace with Israel as well, once its unresolved issues were solved.

Asked if Lebanon too would reach a peace deal, he replied: ``It depends.''

``We have problems with Israel that we need to solve first,'' Aoun said.

Lebanon and Israel are technically still at war, and Hezbollah has engaged in occasional clashes along the border. Hezbollah and Israel last engaged in a full-fledged conflict in a 50-day war in the summer of 2006.

*This story was edted by Ahram Online. 

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