Western Sahara independence chief leaves Spain for Algeria

AP , Wednesday 2 Jun 2021

Morocco has denounced Spain, a strategic partner, for allowing Ghali to secretly enter the country. Morocco considers Ghali, 71, to be a terrorist

Brahim Ghali
In this file photo taken on February 27, 2021, Brahim Ghali, President of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SARD) and Secretary-General of the Polisario front, attends celebrations marking the 45th anniversary of the creation of the SARD, at a refugee camp on the outskirts of the southwestern Algerian city of Tindouf AFP

The leader of a movement seeking independence from Morocco who is at the center of a diplomatic row between Rabat and Madrid flew out of Spain to Algeria on Wednesday, arriving in the middle of the night, officials in his movement said.

Brahim Ghali was released from a hospital in northern Spain following more than six weeks of treatment after contracting COVID-19, according to a statement sent to The Associated Press by the self-declared Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which is based in refugee camps in western Algeria.

Morocco has denounced Spain, a strategic partner, for allowing Ghali to secretly enter the country. Morocco considers Ghali, 71, to be a terrorist.

The representative in Algeria for the self-declared state said Ghali arrived in Algiers at 3 a.m. to continue his recovery. Abdelkader Taleb Omar told the official Algerian news agency, APS, that he was recovering well and needed no further hospitalization.

He denounced ``Moroccan propaganda which tried to hurt the struggle of the Sahrawi people by targeting one of its symbols.''

He went further in an interview with Algerian Radio, saying that the ``expansionist Moroccan regime has bit the dust with a sharp diplomatic failure.''

Ghali is the leader of the Polisario Front, an Algeria-backed pro-independence movement representing the local Sahrawi people of Africa's mineral-rich Western Sahara, and of the self-declared Sahrawi Democratic Arab Republic. Morocco annexed the Western Sahara in the 1970s after Spain's colonial administration ended. It considers the vast territory part and parcel of the Moroccan kingdom. The Polisario Front has long tried to end Moroccan rule over the region.

Ghali departed hours after testifying Tuesday via videoconference in a Spanish investigation into allegations against him of torture, genocide and other crimes. A Spanish magistrate ruled after Ghali's testimony that he should remain free while the investigation continues.

Ghali flew out of Pamplona airport.

His presence in Spain infuriated Morocco and triggered a diplomatic crisis between the two countries, which have been cooperating in fighting terrorism, drug smuggling and migration into Europe. Amid the dispute, thousands of migrants crossed the border from Morocco into Spain as Morocco apparently relaxed border controls.

In a stinging rebuke, Moroccan authorities also questioned publicly whether Spain could be trusted.

Spain, like most other Western countries, has urged a negotiated solution through the United Nations to the question of Western Sahara's future. But the issue became clouded last December when the U.S. Trump administration formally recognized Morocco's sovereignty over Western Sahara in return for Rabat's normalization of ties with Israel.

Spanish government spokeswoman Maria Jesus Montero said Wednesday she hoped Ghali's departure would help ``draw a line'' under the tensions with Morocco.

``We have to let high diplomacy do its work,'' she told reporters.

But she also pushed back against Rabat's pressure.

``Spain enjoys national sovereignty, so Spanish foreign policy is decided by its government, its parliament, and our decision-making on international issues cannot be subjected to any conditionality,'' she said.

Ghali checked into the Spanish hospital under a false identity after arriving by plane last month with an Algerian diplomatic passport and with the consent of the Spanish government, which said it acted on humanitarian grounds.

Rabat withdrew its ambassador to Madrid and said it wouldn't fill the position if Ghali left Spain under the same cloak of secrecy.

There was no immediate reaction Wednesday from Morocco.

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