Majid Tafreshi senior Iranian official and member of the state-run High Council for Human Rights, speaks to AFP at his office in the capital Tehran, on June 29, 2021. (AFP Photo)
Iran is doing its best to bring down the number of executions of child offenders to zero, a senior Iranian official told AFP amid recurrent criticism from the UN and rights groups.
"We are going to the zero point," said Majid Tafreshi of the state-run High Council for Human Rights, insisting that was the "will of the system" of the Islamic republic.
The United Nations and human rights groups frequently criticise Iran for executing child offenders, which violates the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child that Tehran has ratified.
Tafreshi, the council's deputy head of international affairs, speaking in English during an interview with AFP last week insisted the Islamic republic is working hard to reduce the numbers of executions of those who committed crimes while minors.
"This is what all the government [is doing]. This is applaudable."
"We're trying to convince the victim family to pardon," he said, noting that the council's broad goal "is minimising the number of executions ... as much as possible".
For child offenders, these efforts result in pardons agreed by the families of victims in 96 percent of cases, according to Tafreshi.
Murder is punishable by death in Iran, according to the Islamic law of retribution of "qesas" or an "eye for an eye".
But the death sentence is not carried out if the victim's family agrees to pardon the individual on death row.
UN rights chief Michelle Bachelet in late June pointed to Iran's "widespread use of the death penalty" and said "over 80 child offenders are on death row, with at least four at risk of imminent execution".
Iran last year executed at least four people found guilty of murders committed when they were minors, according to the UN.
Tafreshi pointed out that Islam's holy book the Koran says that demanding the convict's execution "is your right as a victim's family" -- but also that showing mercy and agreeing to a pardon is "good for you".