The UN Security Council, in New York on April 12, 2022. AFP
The United Arab Emirates and China did not join the statement, despite being among the countries that called the meeting.
"Violence needs to stop immediately. Further civilian casualties must be prevented as a priority," the statement by Ireland, France, Estonia, Norway, and Albania said. "The status quo of the holy sites must be fully respected."
The meeting comes after days of violence in and around Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, known to Jews as the Temple Mount, where 170 Palestinians were left wounded at the weekend.
The five European countries condemned "all acts of terrorism" and rocket fire Monday from the Gaza Strip into southern Israel.
The Israeli Air Force responded on Tuesday with strikes in the Palestinian enclave, the first in three months.
"The deteriorating security situation highlights the need to restore a political horizon for a credible peace process," the countries' statement said.
The UN Middle East peace envoy Tor Wennesland reiterated in a statement his calls to avoid any provocation that would heighten Israeli-Palestinian tensions.
The emergency Security Council session was requested by the UAE, Norway, France, Ireland, and China.