File Photo: Israeli occupation forces carry a Palestinian protester during clashes at the Al Aqsa Mosque compound in Jerusalem s Old City, on April 22, 2022. AP
Walid al-Sharif, 23, was taken to Hadassah Ein Kerem hospital with a "head injury" on April 22 and he was "pronounced dead this morning", the hospital said in a statement.
His family confirmed his death in an audio message shared with journalists.
Al-Aqsa mosque compound in Israeli-annexed east Jerusalem is Islam's third-holiest site which is also the holiest site for Jews, who call it the Temple Mount.
Palestinians have been angered by an uptick in Jewish visits to the compound, whereby longstanding convention that Jews may go but are not allowed to pray.
Palestinian news agency Wafa, quoting a family member, said Sharif had been shot in the head with "a rubber-coated metal bullet fired by Israeli occupation forces".
A spokesman for Hadassah hospital told AFP there had been no signs that Sharif had been hit by gunfire.
Israeli occupation police said his injury was caused when he fell and hit his head while throwing stones at security forces.
Clashes between Israeli occupation police and Palestinians at Al-Aqsa in April left nearly 300 people wounded, most of them Palestinians, and killed one Palestinian.
The violence, including in the occupied West Bank, followed a wave of attacks in Israel and raids by the Israeli occupation military.
Anti-Israeli attacks have killed at least 19 people since March 22, including an Arab-Israeli police officer and two Ukrainians.
A total of 32 Palestinians and three Israeli Arabs have died during the same period, according to an AFP tally, among them perpetrators of attacks and those killed by Israeli occupation forces in West Bank operations.