Mideast powers condemn Israel minister's visit to Al-Aqsa mosque compound

AFP , MENA , Tuesday 3 Jan 2023

Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates were among nations to condemn a visit Tuesday by Israel's extreme-right new national security minister to Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque compound.

 Israeli minister and Jewish Power party chief Itamar Ben-Gvir (C) walking through the courtyard of
Israeli minister and Jewish Power party chief Itamar Ben-Gvir (C) walking through the courtyard of Jerusalem s Al-Aqsa mosque compound, known to Jews as Temple Mount, early on January 3, 2023. Twitter


The move by firebrand Itamar Ben-Gvir has enraged Palestinians, while the United States warned of steps which may harm the status quo.

The UAE, which established diplomatic ties with Israel in 2020, "strongly condemned the storming of Al-Aqsa Mosque courtyard by an Israeli minister".

The US ambassador to Israel, Tom Nides, said Washington "has made it clear to the Israeli government it opposes any steps that could harm the status quo in the holy sites". 

​Ben-Gvir's visit comes days after he took office as national security minister, with powers over the police, giving his decision to enter the highly sensitive site considerable weight.

Al-Aqsa mosque is the third-holiest place in Islam and the most sacred site to Jews. The compound houses both the Dome of the Rock and Al Aqsa mosque.

Lying in the walled Old City of  East Jerusalem, a part of the internationally recognized Palestinian territories, the compound is administered by Jordan's Waqf Islamic affairs council, with Israeli forces operating there and controlling access. 

Under a longstanding status quo, non-Muslims can visit the site at specific times but are not allowed to pray there.

In recent years, a growing number of Jews, most of them Israeli nationalists, have covertly prayed at the compound, a development decried by Palestinians.

After his visit, Ben-Gvir vowed to "maintain the freedom of movement for Muslims and Christians, but Jews will also go up to the mount, and those who make threats must be dealt with -- with an iron hand".

'Serious Threat' 

The politician has lobbied to allow Jewish prayer in the compound, a move opposed by mainstream rabbinical authorities.

Israel's Sephardi chief rabbi, Yitzhak Yosef, wrote to Ben-Gvir on Tuesday. "What will people say when they see a minister, an observant Jew, who flouts the position of the rabbinate," he said in a letter.

Ben-Gvir was accompanied by units of the Israeli security forces, Waqf guards told AFP.

Jordan's foreign ministry spokesman Sinan Majali said Amman summoned the Israeli ambassador, to "convey a protest message about the recklessness of the Israeli national security minister in storming the blessed Al-Aqsa mosque".

Saudi Arabia, home to the holiest sites in Islam, condemned the "provocative practices" of Ben-Gvir.

The visit was also criticised by the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and  the Arab League. In a statement on Tuesday, Arab League Secretary General Ahmed Abul Gheit termed the step as a breach of the sanctity of the holy site and a provocation of all Muslims by the Israeli government and its security bodies, reported Egypt's state news agency MENA.

"This flagrant action is part of the Israeli government led by Benjamin Netanyahu's extremist program and its settlement agenda," Abul Gheit's Spokesperson Gamal Roshi said to MENA.

The spokesman added that the Arab League held the Israeli government fully responsible for such action and its repercussions in Palestine and the whole region as well as its impact on the international peace and security, affirming that such incident would ignite a religious war in the region, said MENA.

Al Azhar has strongly condemned the “barbaric behavior” committed by an extremist Israeli official. 

In a statement released Tuesday, Al Azhar stressed that these “provocative actions clearly reflect the barbarism of the Israeli occupation authority, and its attempt to impose a political reality by force of arms and change the historical identity of Al-Quds (East Jerusalem)  and Al-Aqsa Mosque”.

The world’s top Sunni Muslim institution called on the international community to take decisive stances to stop Israel’s continued crimes, and protect religious sanctities and sacred places in Jerusalem and the entire occupied Palestinian territories.

Iran called the visit a "violation of international regulations and an insult to the values and sanctities of the Muslims."

Hassan Nasrallah, head of Lebanese militant group Hezbollah, said Israel's "attack" on the Jerusalem holy site "will not only blow up the situation inside Palestine, but may blow up the entire region".

Germany's ambassador to Israel said the status quo "has long helped maintain the fragile peace and security around the holy sites" and urged all sides to avoid actions that could raise tension.

While Ben-Gvir has visited the compound numerous times since entering parliament in April 2021, his presence as a top minister is highly significant.

A controversial visit in 2000 by then opposition leader Ariel Sharon was one of the main triggers for the second Palestinian intifada, or uprising, which lasted until 2005.

The Palestinian foreign ministry called Ben-Gvir's visit a "serious threat".

Basem Naim, a senior Hamas official, last week warned such a step would be "a big red line and it will lead to an explosion".

On Tuesday, Hamas spokesman Hazem Qassem deemed it a "crime" and vowed the mosque compound "will remain Palestinian, Arab, Islamic".

'Security And Stability' Warning 

Hamas rules the Gaza Strip and in May 2021 an 11-day war broke out between Palestinian militants based in the territory and Israel, after violence at Al-Aqsa mosque.

Hundreds of Palestinians and dozens of Israeli police were wounded in the preceding clashes across east Jerusalem, initially sparked by restrictions on Palestinians gathering and eviction threats against residents.

During this period, Ben-Gvir rallied his supporters in Israeli settler homes in east Jerusalem, which has been occupied by Israel since the War of 1967.

For years seen as a fringe figure, Jewish Power leader Ben-Gvir entered mainstream politics with the backing of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.

The premier's office on Tuesday said Netanyahu is "committed to strictly maintaining the status quo, without changes" at the holy site.

Ben-Gvir has advocated for Arab-Israelis deemed disloyal to the state to be expelled and for the annexation of the occupied West Bank.

Until a few years ago, he had a portrait in his living room of Baruch Goldstein, who massacred 29 Palestinian worshippers at a Hebron mosque in 1994.

He launched his ministerial career on December 29, as part of Israel's most right-wing government in history.

* This story has been edited by Ahram Online.

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