Demonstrators protest in front of the Iraqi central bank as currency plummets against the U.S. dollar, in Baghdad, Iraq, Wednesday, Jan. 25, 2023. AP
The protesters _ mainly young people _ rallied amid a heavy security presence, with many carrying the Iraqi flag and banners with slogans. One slogan read: ``The politicians are the ones covering up the financial corruption for the banks.''
Iraq's Prime Minister Mohammed Shia al-Sudani on Monday accepted the resignation of the governor of the country's Central Bank, Mustafa Ghaleb Mukheef, following a weekslong plunge of the Iraqi dinar. Mukheef, who had been in the post since 2020, was replaced by Muhsen al-Allaq as acting governor.
The dinar hit new lows last Friday, reaching about 1,670 to the dollar. The currency has lost nearly 7% of its value since mid-November. The official rate stands at 1,470 dinars for $1.
On Wednesday, the street exchange rate was about 1,610 to the dollar.
Some politicians in Iraq have blamed the drop on recent measures by the U.S. Treasury.
The U.S. has significant control over Iraq's supply of dollars as Iraq's foreign reserves are held at the U.S. Federal Reserve. Late last year, the Federal Reserve began imposing stricter measures on transactions, which have slowed the flow of dollars into Iraq, including blacklisting a number of banks from the dollar market over suspected money laundering.
In Lebanon's capital, Beirut, dozens protested in front of the Central Bank, denouncing the slide of the Lebanese pound, which began in 2019. The value of the pound hit a new low last Thursday, trading at 50,000 to the dollar, as the country's deeply divided Parliament failed to elect a president for the eleventh time.
Until 2019, the Lebanese currency was fixed to the dollar at a rate of 1,500 pounds to the dollar. This remains the official rate, but in practice, nearly all transactions are conducted at the black market rate.
Meanwhile, five European countries are probing Lebanon's embattled central bank governor, Riad Salameh _ who remains in his post _ on allegations of laundering public money in Europe. Switzerland first opened a probe two years ago, followed by France, Germany, Luxembourg, and Liechtenstein.