What we know about the Turkey and Syria earthquake

AFP , Thursday 9 Feb 2023

A strong earthquake struck southeastern Turkey and neighboring Syria in the early hours of Monday, devastating cities and killing and injuring thousands.

Salqin, Syria
Syrian men gather by a destroyed building in a flooded area, after the collapse of a dam on the Orontes (Assi) river near al-Tulul village in Salqin, in Syria s rebel-held Idlib province, near the border with Turkey, on February 9, 2023, following a deadly earthquake. AFP


Here's what we know about the disaster so far:

When and where

The first 7.8 magnitude quake occurred at 04:17 am (0117 GMT) at a depth of about 18 kilometres (11 miles) near the Turkish city of Gaziantep, which is home to around two million people, the US Geological Survey said.

It was followed by a slightly smaller 7.5 magnitude tremor and many aftershocks.

The quakes devastated entire sections of major cities in Turkey and war-ravaged Syria.

The region also hosts millions of people who have fled the civil war in Syria and other conflicts.


More than 16,000 people have been killed and thousands more injured as efforts continue for a fourth day in freezing conditions to save those still trapped under rubble.

Officials and medics said early Thursday that 12,873 people had died in Turkey and 3,162 in Syria, bringing the total to 16,035.

Initial rescue efforts were hampered by a winter storm that covered major roads in ice and snow and left three key airports in the area inoperable, complicating deliveries of vital aid.

Survivors are still being pulled from collapsed buildings, though disaster experts warn that the chances of saving lives drop sharply after the initial 72 hours after the disaster are passed.


Some of the heaviest devastations occurred near the quake's epicenter between Kahramanmaras and Gaziantep, where entire city blocks lay in ruins.

Turkey said almost 3,000 buildings had collapsed in seven different provinces, including public hospitals.

A famous mosque dating back to the 13th century partially collapsed in the province of Maltaya, where a 14-story building with 28 apartments that housed 92 people collapsed.

Social media posts showed a 2,200-year-old hilltop castle built by Roman armies in Gaziantep lying in ruins, its walls partially turned to rubble.

In Syria, the health ministry reported damage across the provinces of Aleppo, Latakia, Hama and Tartus, where Russia is leasing a naval facility.

The UN's cultural body UNESCO warned that two sites on its World Heritage List, the old city of Syria's Aleppo and the fortress in the southeastern Turkish city of Diyarbakir, had sustained damage and that several others may also have been hit.

It noted that the quake occurred in one of the longest continuously inhabited areas on the planet within the so-called Fertile Crescent, which has witnessed the emergence of different civilizations from the Hittites to the Ottomans.

Even before the tragedy, buildings in Aleppo often toppled due to poor infrastructure and many are dilapidated after more than a decade of war.

International aid

Condolences and offers of aid have poured in, including from the European Union, the United Nations, NATO, Washington, China and Russia.

EU chief Ursula von der Leyen said the bloc is planning to host a donor conference in March.

President Joe Biden promised his Turkish counterpart Recep Tayyip Erdogan that the United States will send "any and all" aid needed.

But US Secretary of State Antony Blinken said Washington would work with partners to provide aid in Syria and not the government of President Bashar al-Assad, which is under Western sanctions over alleged humanitarian abuses during his country's nearly 12-year civil war.

Syria, which has only been offered minimal assistance because of the sanctions, on Wednesday made an official plea to the EU for help.

The UN's resident Syria coordinator, El-Mostafa Benlamlih, called for the facilitation of aid access to rebel-held areas in Syria's northwest, warning that relief stocks will soon be depleted.

The European Commission is "encouraging" EU member countries to respond to Syria's request for medical supplies and food, said the commissioner, Janez Lenarcic.

The World Health Organization said up to 23 million people could be affected by the earthquake and promised long-term assistance.

WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said 77 national and 13 international emergency medical teams were deploying to the affected areas.

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