10 soldiers killed as fresh Yemen fighting clouds peace efforts

AFP , Wednesday 22 Mar 2023

At least 10 soldiers were killed in renewed fighting in Yemen, military sources told AFP, despite diplomatic efforts to halt the long-running war in the Arab world's poorest country.

Yemeni Defence Minister Lieutenant General Mohsen Mohammed Al-Daeri (C) accompanied by Saudi Commander of the Support Forces in the Coalition Joint Forces to Support Legitimacy in Yemen Major General Sultan al-Baqami (R), arrive to attend a military parade of fighters loyal to the Saudi-backed government during a graduation ceremony of officers and the completion of specialised military courses, in the country s northeastern province of Marib, on March 17, 2023. AFP


The clashes took place in the oil-producing Marib province, one of the main battlegrounds and the scene of sporadic fighting even during a lull in hostilities over the past year.

Iran-backed Houthi rebels attacked a mountainous area and have been engaged in a build-up of forces in the region, two military sources told AFP.

"The Houthis launched an attack on hills overlooking Harib district, south of Marib, and made progress on that front, causing the displacement of dozens of families," one of the sources said, speaking on condition of anonymity.

"At least 10 soldiers were killed, in addition to an unknown number of attackers," the source added. The details of the clash were confirmed by a second military official.

The fighting comes a month after at least four soldiers were killed in the same district, and dents new optimism after Saudi Arabia and Iran, who back opposing sides in what amounts to a proxy war, agreed to restore diplomatic ties.

An exchange of hundreds of prisoners was agreed upon this week and Hans Grundberg, UN secretary general's special envoy for Yemen, has said "intense diplomatic efforts" are underway to strike a peace deal.

The Houthis seized control of Yemen's capital Sanaa in 2014, prompting a Saudi-led military intervention the following year and fighting that has left hundreds of thousands dead, through direct and indirect causes, and triggered one of the world's worst humanitarian crises.

But an UN-brokered ceasefire that took effect last April brought a sharp reduction in hostilities and even though the truce expired in October, fighting has largely remained on hold.

On Monday, after talks in Switzerland, the Houthis and Yemen's internationally recognized government agreed to exchange 887 prisoners -- 181 held in Houthi prisons and 706 rebels.

During a Security Council meeting last week, UN officials said the detente between Saudi Arabia and Iran -- welcomed by both the Houthis and the Yemeni government -- should offer momentum toward peace.

However, it is unlikely to solve all of Yemen's problems. The influence of the two regional powers is only one dimension of a complex conflict in a country fractured along confessional, regional, and political lines, analysts warn.

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