Kuwaiti candidate and former parliament speaker Marzouq al-Ghanim celebrates with his supporters following the announcement of his victory in legislative elections, in Kuwait city, on early June 7, 2023. AFP
The Amiri decree was issued on Wednesday, accepting the resignation of the government and appointing Sheikh Ahmad Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah and his cabinet as a caretaker government until a new Cabinet is formed.
Opposition lawmakers won a majority in Kuwait's parliament but with a notable lack of gender diversity, with only one woman elected out of the 50 seats, results showed on Wednesday, after the Gulf state's seventh general election in just over a decade.
The opposition figures include Islamists and independent politicians not tied to the ruling family who are pushing for a raft of reforms.
The vote on Tuesday came after Kuwait's constitutional court in March annulled the results of last year's election -- in which the opposition made significant gains -- and reinstated the previous parliament elected in 2020.
Opposition lawmakers won 29 of the legislature's 50 seats, according to results published by the official Kuwait News Agency. Only one woman was elected -- opposition candidate Janan Bushehri.
The make-up of the new parliament is very similar to the one elected last year and later annulled, with all but 12 of its 50 members retaining their seats.
This has sparked concerns that the legislature may once again find itself locked in disputes with the cabinet, further deepening a political crisis that has delayed reforms and hampered growth.
Turnout reached 50 percent one hour before polls closed, according to the Kuwait Transparency Society, an NGO. Last year's election saw turnout of 63 percent.
Since Kuwait adopted a parliamentary system in 1962, the legislature has been dissolved around a dozen times.
Continual standoffs between the branches of government have prevented lawmakers from passing economic reforms, while repeated budget deficits and low foreign investment have added to an air of gloom.