Workers unload bags of aid at a warehouse near the Syrian Bab al-Hawa border crossing with Turkey, on July 10, 2023. AFP
Jordan is a country of 11 million people and hosts some 1.3 million refugees from Syria. Most of them live in towns and cities across the kingdom, while several tens of thousands have settled in two camps — Zaatari and Azraq. Starting in August, the monthly cash allowance for camp residents will be reduced from $32 to $21, the World Food Program said.
Jordanian officials have warned that the kingdom cannot fill the gap left by international donors.
The announcement by the World Food Program comes after the agency said last week it would gradually cut off 50,000 refugees in Jordan from its assistance altogether. The program had initially covered 465,000 refugees.
U.N. agencies and international humanitarian organizations for years have struggled to reach budgetary requirements for their assistance in Syria and for Syrian refugees in neighboring countries due to donor fatigue, the economic impact of the coronavirus pandemic and Ukraine’s war with Russia.
Though Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government was able to reclaim large swaths of territory with the help of allies Russia and Iran, the crisis in the war-torn country remains in a stalemate.
“As funding dries up, our hands are tied,” said Alberto Correia Mendes, the WFP representative for Jordan.
The agency said that even with the current cuts, it still faces a funding shortfall of some $41 million and may have to impose additional measures.
Funding cuts have also impacted millions of Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Turkey, where anti-refugee rhetoric and calls for mass deportations have surged in light of economic and political turmoil.
Syria’s uprising turned civil war, now in its 13th year, has killed nearly half a million people and displaced half of its prewar population of 23 million.
Jordanian Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi spoke about the kingdom’s inability to fill in funding gaps at this year’s annual donor conference on Syria in Brussels last June. Last week, he warned again that “refugees will suffer”.
“This is not on Jordan. It is on those who are cutting support,” he said. “Providing dignified lives to refugees is a global responsibility. It is not ours alone as host country.”
Dominik Bartsch, the U.N. refugee agency's representative to Jordan, said the aid rollback has forced agencies to look only to the most vulnerable families, leaving many in need without assistance.
“There is an imminent risk that the situation is sliding back into a humanitarian crisis with serious consequences for refugees and host communities,” Bartsch said.
In a visit to Damascus on July 4 where he met Assad, Safadi called on investment into Syria's battered infrastructure to speed up voluntary refugee returns. Jordan has also spearheaded regional talks with Damascus to reach a solution to end the conflict.
Western countries still sanction Syria, including for alleged war crimes and involvement in the drug trade, and have not endorsed restoring ties with Assad or funding reconstruction, as Arab countries have.