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U.S. Congress poised to vote on border measure without Trump wall

Reuters , Thursday 14 Feb 2019
Donald Trump
U.S. President Donald Trump listens next to Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross during a Cabinet meeting at the White House in Washington, U.S., February 12, 2019 (Photo: Reuters)

The U.S. Congress on Thursday aimed to end a dispute over border security with bipartisan legislation that would avert another partial government shutdown but does not give President Donald Trump the money he sought for a wall on the U.S.-Mexico border.

The measure faces votes in the Republican-led Senate and Democratic-controlled House of Representatives before going to the Republican president, who has not yet announced whether he will sign it. Trump triggered a 35-day-long shutdown of about a quarter of the federal government with his December demand for $5.7 billion to help build a wall, but did not get the money in a deal that ended that shutdown and does not get it in the legislation now before lawmakers.

Late on Wednesday, negotiators put the finishing touches on legislation that would provide more than $300 billion to fund the Department of Homeland Security and a range of other federal agencies through Sept. 30, the end of the current fiscal year. Funding is due to expire for those agencies on Friday.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, speaking on the Senate floor, described the legislation as "a compromise that no side will view as a perfect deal," but labeled it "a success for our bipartisan process" and reiterated his call for Trump to sign it.

Trump was due to be briefed on the package on Thursday, a White House official said.

The legislation would provide $1.37 billion in new money to help build 55 miles (88.5 km) of new physical barriers on the border. It is the same level of funding Congress appropriated for border security measures last year, including barriers but not concrete walls.

"When the Senate votes on the agreement, we'll be voting to avoid a second partial shutdown and provide the certainty of a fully functioning federal government," Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said. "Later today, I hope each of my colleagues will join me in moving forward with the agreement produced by this hard work, and the president will sign it into law."

Top Senate Democrat Chuck Schumer called the agreement a "reasonable compromise."

"It does not fund the president's wall, but it does support smart border security initiatives that both parties have always supported, including increased security at our ports of entry and humanitarian assistance at the border. Most importantly, it will keep our government open," Schumer said on the Senate floor.

The legislation would also fund the Justice Department, Commerce Department, State Department, Department of Agriculture, Internal Revenue Service and others, covering roughly 800,000 federal workers.

Four liberal, first-term House Democrats, including Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, said in a statement they would oppose the bill, citing their opposition to the administration's immigration policies and declaring that the Department of Homeland Security "does not deserve an increase in funding."

Failure to enact the bill would shutter many government programs, from national parks maintenance and air traffic controller training programs to the collection and publication of important data for financial markets, for the second time this year.


Republican Senator Chuck Grassley, who was presiding over the opening of the Senate, added his own prayer at the end of a prayer by the guest chaplain. "Let's all pray that the president will have the wisdom to sign the bill so the government doesn't shut down," Grassley said.

Trump was widely blamed for the previous shutdown.

A border wall was a central 2016 campaign promise by Trump. As president, he has called the border a national security crisis that requires a wall to curb illegal immigration and drug trafficking. He originally said Mexico would pay for the wall along the 2,000-mile (3,200-km) border, an idea Mexico dismissed.

Republican Senator Lindsey Graham, who is in regular contact with the White House, said Trump was "inclined to take the deal and move on." Graham also told reporters Trump would then look elsewhere to find more money to build the wall and was "very inclined" to declare a national emergency to secure the funds.

Such a move, bypassing Congress and redirecting funds previously approved by lawmakers for other purposes in order to construct the wall, likely would spark a court battle, as it is Congress and not the president that mainly decides how federal funds get spent under the U.S. Constitution. Several Republicans have cautioned Trump against taking the unilateral action.

Vice President Mike Pence, speaking to reporters at a conference in Poland, said Trump is "evaluating what's in the bill. He's also evaluating the authority that he has, and I know he'll be making a decision before the deadline this Friday."

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