North Korea and the United States should seek an initial denuclearisation deal that includes a halt to the North's nuclear activity and a cut in its programme in exchange for some sanctions relief, South Korea's prime minister said on Thursday.
Prime Minister Chung Sye-kyun, in his first interview with a foreign media outlet since taking office a year ago, told Reuters that "creative" thinking and mutual incentives were needed to get negotiations going again and prevent another breakdown.
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un and former US President Donald Trump promised to build new relations and work towards the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula at their first summit in 2018, but a second summit and ensuing working-level talks fell apart.
North Korea had offered to dismantle its main nuclear complex in exchange for the lifting of major UN sanctions but the United States said North Korea should also hand over its nuclear weapons and bomb fuel.
' We can begin with a freeze in all nuclear activities and reduction of some of their programme,' Chung said. "It would be best if we could get rid of all of it, once and for all, but it's not easy and we need an alternative."
The new US administration of President Joe Biden has not announced any new policy for North Korea. Biden said in a presidential debate in October he would meet Kim only if he agreed to ' draw down" North Korea's nuclear capacity.
Chung said limited sanctions relief could help revive and sustain the momentum of any talks as that was the most attractive incentive for North Korea.
'South Korea and the United States know what North Korea wants,' he said.
MORE COVID SHOTS NEEDED
Chung's remarks came days after South Korea's President Moon Jae-in called for new US President Joe Biden to build on progress made by Kim and Trump.
But it was the first time a South Korean official offered details about a potential interim deal that both sides should pursue.
Chung said the Biden administration might implement a new policy but it had shown interest in the North Korea issue and would ultimately seek talks.
South Korea plans to hold in-depth discussions with new US officials soon on how to revive the negotiations and whether the allies should postpone or scale back annual joint military exercises which North Korea has long condemned as preparation for war.
' Everyone knows that the problem cannot be solved without dialogue,' Chung said. ' Our job is to come up with creative ideas so that talks will be held as quickly as possible.'
Chung is dubbed South Korea's coronavirus czar, overseeing an aggressive testing and tracing campaign that made the country a global success story when others grappled with surging infections and imposed lockdowns.
But South Korea has been struggling to stamp down its third and largest wave of outbreaks, with severe hospital bed shortages, though daily cases have halved after peaking at around 1,200 last month.
'Finding the right balance between anti-virus efforts and the economy is a tough task, and we went through twists and turns as we adjusted distancing,' Chung said.
South Korea on Thursday unveiled its plans to begin vaccinating its 52 million population starting next month. It has secured sufficient doses for 56 million people.
The government had decided to procure more vaccines due to the uncertainty over the length of immunity, Chung said.
'You might need another shot when the next winter comes,' he said.
'We will hopefully have achieved herd immunity and people have normal life back by then. I know that's a rosy picture but least we know more about the enemy now.'