A file photo taken on January 17, 2016, then head of the Central Bank of Iran, Valiollah Seif (R), speaks to Iran s head of Atomic Energy Organisation(IAEO) Ali Akbar Salehi. AFP
Valiollah Seif, who headed the monetary authority between 2013 and 2018, is the first Iranian central bank governor ever to be indicted.
Seif, 69, remains free pending an appeal.
The judiciary's website said he had repeatedly broken the law along with his deputy, Ahmad Araghchi, who was handed an eight-year jail term.
A third senior figure at the central bank, Rassoul Sajad, received a 13-year sentence for illegal foreign currency trading and taking bribes.