File Photo: Customers stand at the counters at an exchange office in Ankara, Turkey, on February 23, 2022. AFP
Consumer prices increased by 4.8 percent in February from the previous month and annual inflation reached 54.4 percent, the data revealed.
The rising cost of living has become a major source of public discontent in Turkey as Erdogan seeks to win next year's presidential election.
The Turkish lira lost 44 percent of its value against the dollar in 2021.
In January, Erdogan changed the head of the state statistics agency.
Turkish media reported that he was unhappy with the inflation figures it published.
The opposition and some economists believe that the official figures grossly underestimate the reality.
Last month, Fitch Ratings downgraded Turkey's debt from BB- to B+ with a negative outlook, citing high inflation and a lack of confidence in policymakers to turn the tide.
Although inflation is rising across the world, thanks in part to easy money policies adopted to cushion the blow of the Covid-19 pandemic, Turkey's problems are dramatically more acute because of Erdogan's unorthodox economic approach.
Erdogan rejects the idea that inflation should be fought by hiking the main interest rate, which he believes causes prices to grow even higher -- the exact opposite of conventional economic thinking.