A Boeing 737 operated by China Eastern Airlines with 132 people on board crashed on Monday in Guangxi, China. AP
China hasn't reported a crash of a commercial flight with more than five fatalities since 2010. The ruling Communist Party's military wing, the People's Liberation Army, also has suffered fatal crashes, but few details are available.
China Eastern Airlines Corp.
China Eastern is, along with Air China, China Southern Airlines and HNA Group, one of four major carriers in China, all state-owned. Founded in 1995, the airline is headquartered at Shanghai's Pudong International Airport. Its fleet of 749 aircraft includes 291 from the Boeing 737 series, according to its mid-2021 interim report. The carrier has 79,913 employees, mostly in China. It carried 44.3 million passengers in the first half of 2021. China Eastern reported a loss of 5.4 billion yuan ($850 million) in the first half of 2021.
China's Airline Industry
Carriers have suffered heavy financial losses due to the government's ``zero tolerance'' anti-coronavirus strategy, which bars most foreign visitors from China and has disrupted travel by suspending access temporarily to major cities. Passenger numbers within China exceeded the United States in 2020 for the first time, according to Boeing Co. That was partly because populous China reopened to domestic travel relatively quickly after coronavirus cases were first reported there in late 2019. Boeing forecasts 5.4% annual traffic growth and says China should account for one-sixth of future added airline capacity.
China's Last Big Crash
An Embraer ERJ 190-100 operated by Henan Airlines and carrying a total of 44 passengers and crew hit the ground short of the runway on Aug. 24, 2010, while landing in the northeastern city of Yichun. Everyone aboard was killed after the fuel caught fire. Investigators blamed an error by the pilot, who was landing at night and in reduced visibility.
China's Aircraft Market
China is one of the most important markets for Boeing and its European rival Airbus Industries. They want Chinese carriers to drive sales as U.S. and European demand flatten.
The ruling Communist Party wants to compete with them by making its own jetliners and eventually exporting them.
State-owned COMAC, or the Commercial Aircraft Corp. of China, has released a short-range jetliner, the ARJ21, for up to 105 passengers, and the larger but short-range C919 with up to 190 seats. The company says it is working on a long-range, twin-aisle plane, the C929, for as many as 290 passengers.