Britain s Prime Minister Boris Johnson (C) visits Hinkley Point C nuclear power plant in Bridgwater on April 7, 2022. AFP
After weeks of cabinet infighting, the government finally released a long-promised energy strategy as Britons struggle with soaring prices, following Western sanctions against Russia over Ukraine.
The plan envisions eight new nuclear stations, a five-fold increase in solar generation, and enough electricity from offshore wind to power every UK home by 2030.
But to the dismay of environmentalists, the politically charged issue of onshore wind turbines -- cheaper and quicker to build than offshore -- was left on the back burner.
And campaign groups said plans to offer new licenses to drill for North Sea oil and gas made a mockery of Prime Minister Boris Johnson's legally enshrined commitment to make Britain's carbon net zero by 2050.
Johnson, however, said he was taking a "sensible and pragmatic view" on hydrocarbons "in the interim to the transition to net-zero" -- a goal that he had proclaimed at November's COP26 climate summit in Scotland.
"This is about tackling the mistakes of the past and making sure that we are set well for the future," he told reporters.
"And we are never again subject to the vagaries of the global oil and gas prices and we can't be subject to blackmail, as it were, from people such as Vladimir Putin, we have energy security here in the UK."
The prime minister was speaking on a visit to a giant nuclear plant under construction at Hinkley Point in southwest England -- which is years overdue and billions over budget.
Johnson vowed that "instead of a new reactor every decade, we will have a new reactor every year" -- including both large plants and smaller "modular" ones, although these have yet to be tested at an industrial scale.
If all the bets come off, according to the strategy, Britain could derive 95 percent of its electricity from low-carbon sources by 2030.
The government acknowledges that the strategy will do little to curb household energy bills in the near term, which Johnson said had "absolutely soared" after the Russian president's invasion of Ukraine.
Rebecca Newsom, head of politics at Greenpeace UK, said: "This strategy comprehensively fails to stand up to Putin's violence, to take the sting out of soaring energy bills, or take control of the spiraling climate crisis."
The government plan flagged a new competition to find UK manufacturers of electric heat pumps -- which are much more efficient than gas-fired household boilers, but also much more expensive.
Otherwise, as critics noted, it had nothing to say about cutting down on energy wastage and improving efficiency in homes, after the finance ministry reportedly vetoed new spending on that front.
"The first line of any new energy policy in the UK should read 'insulate, insulate, insulate'," commented Jon Gluyas, director of the Durham Energy Institute.
Instead, he said, the strategy was "an uninspiring mix of more of the same and ... does very little to meet the nation's zero-carbon mantra shouted so loudly at COP26".
United Nations secretary-general Antonio Guterres, marking the launch Monday of the latest UN report on climate change, said it was "moral and economic madness" to invest any more in fossil fuels.
The 3,000-page report warned that countries risk ending up with trillions in worthless assets such as offshore platforms and pipelines when demand for fossil fuels wanes in coming decades.
For the UK government, however, political pressure to tackle the energy crisis has been heating up ahead of nationwide local elections on May 5.
Ed Miliband, climate spokesman for the opposition Labour party, said Conservative backbenchers opposed to onshore turbines in rural England were "holding the government's energy policy to ransom".
"And people are paying higher bills as a result," he told BBC radio.