World Bank President David Malpass warns high inflation and high debt threaten global growth. AFP
The "crisis response envelope" will continue the work begun during the Covid-19 pandemic, and help countries deal with surging inflation, which was made worse by the Russian invasion of Ukraine as well as the "severe financial stress" caused by high debt levels, he said.
"This is a continued massive crisis response," Malpass told reporters.
High debt and inflation "are two big problems facing global growth," he said.
"I'm deeply concerned about developing countries. They're facing sudden price increases for energy, fertilizer and food."
The Washington-based development lender last week downgraded its forecast for global growth this year, and the IMF is expected to do the same when it releases its updated forecasts on Tuesday.
Speaking ahead of this week's spring meetings of the IMF and World Bank, Malpass said the 15-month aid fund would run through June 2023 and build on the $157 billion Covid-response fund, which expired in June 2021.
"We expect to commit around $50 billion of this amount in the next three months," he said, adding that he plans to discuss the fund with the bank board in coming weeks.
Malpass repeated his concern for poor countries facing high debt levels, noting that 60 percent of low-income countries already face debt distress or are at high risk.
He has recommended improvements in the G20 Common Framework adopted last year, which was meant to offer a path to restructure large debt loads, but has not yet produced results.
A key hurdle is the lack of information on the size of debt owed to China, as well as some other lenders, by private companies as well as governments.
G20 finance ministers will meet on Wednesday on the spring meetings' sidelines.