A TV screen shows a file image of North Korea s military exercise during a news program at the Seoul Railway Station in Seoul, South Korea, Wednesday, Oct. 19, 2022. AP
The drills conducted by both sides come amid heightened animosities over recent North Korean missile tests that it calls simulated nuclear attacks on South Korean and U.S. targets.
South Korea's military detected the artillery being fired from a western North Korean coastal town, the Joint Chiefs of Staff said in a statement. On Tuesday night, North Korea fired about 100 shells off its west coast and 150 rounds off its east coast, the Joint Chiefs of Staff said earlier.
Both days, the North Korean shells landed in the northern parts of the maritime buffer zones the two Koreas created off their eastern and western coasts as part of agreements they made in 2018 to reduce tensions, according to the South's Joint Chiefs of Staff.
North Korea also fired hundreds of shells at the buffer zones last Friday, in its most significant direct violation of the 2018 agreement.
North Korea's military said the launches were a warning against what it called provocative South Korean artillery firing drills along the border earlier this week.
"Our army strongly warns the enemy forces to immediately stop the highly irritating provocative act in the frontline areas,'' an unidentified spokesperson at the General Staff of the North's Korean People's Army said in a statement Wednesday.
South Korea's Defense Ministry said it conducted artillery drills at land border areas as part of its annual military exercises. But it said its drills didn't violate the 2018 accord because its shells didn't land in the buffer zones.
South Korea's Joint Chiefs of Staff warned North Korea to immediately stop provocations that threatens peace and stability on the Korean Peninsula. It added that it is boosting its military readiness and, in coordination with the United States, is closely monitoring North Korea's moves.
There were no reports of violence between the two Koreas. But tensions could persist as North Korea will likely react to South Korea's ongoing annual "Hoguk'' field exercises with its own weapons tests. South Korean officials said the ''Hoguk" drills are aimed at improving a military readiness against North Korean nuclear and missile threats and would involve an unspecified number of U.S. troops are to take part in this year's drills.
North Korea views regular South Korea-U.S. military training as an invasion rehearsal. It said its recent barrage of missile tests were meant to issue a warning to one of the allies' earlier exercises involving an U.S. aircraft carrier.
From Oct. 31 to Nov. 4, South Korea and the United States will also hold combined air force drills involving some 240 warplanes, including F-35 fighters operated by both nations. The drills are designed to inspect the two countries' joint operation capabilities and improve combat readiness, the South Korean military said Tuesday.
North Korea has test-launched 15 missiles since it resumed testing activities on Sept. 25. One of them was an intermediate-range ballistic missile that flew over Japan and demonstrated a range capable of reaching the Pacific U.S. territory of Guam and beyond.
Some foreign experts say North Korean leader Kim Jong Un would eventually aim to use his expanded weapons arsenal to pressure the United States and others to accept his country as a legitimate nuclear state and lift economic sanctions on the North.
The North's artillery tests draw less outside attention than its missile launches. But its forward-deployed long-range artillery guns pose a serious security threat to the capital, Seoul, about 40 to 50 kilometers (25 to 30 miles) from the border with North Korea.