A protestor rides a tractor with a banner reading The quarry expands, the sand worm shows its teeth during a demonstration called by Les Soulevements de la Terre between Saint-Philbert de Grand Lieu and Nantes, to denounce the extraction of sand for industrial purposes, on June 11, 2023. AFP
Government spokesman Olivier Veran accused the Uprisings of the Earth (SLT) coalition of encouraging violence at protests in March against an irrigation reservoir near Sainte-Soline in western France.
"You don't dissolve an association because of its ideas. You dissolve it because there is violence or a risk for public safety," Veran told CNews television.
SLT denounced "a very political and extremely worrying dissolution that was demanded from the head of state by the agriculture industry and the FNSEA" farmers' union.
"This is a vain attempt to break the thermometer instead of worrying about the temperature," it said.
President Emmanuel Macron, who has defended reservoir projects like the one at Sainte-Soline, said in March that while many of the protesters at the site were peaceful, "you had thousands of people who simply came to wage war".
Veran said SLT "whipped up violence at Sainte Soline by inviting rioters, who came from across Europe with metal bars and petanque balls to try and kill police officers".
"The climate question does not justify throwing rocks at police in a field," he said.
SLT is a coalition of several activist associations, which was also behind a recent protest against a sand quarry in western France where protesters tore up fields and equipment at a farm.
The group was also one of several organisers of a banned demonstration at the weekend against a new rail link between the eastern city of Lyon and Turin in Italy.
It is part of a new wave of more radical climate activist groups, including Extinction Rebellion, which use direct action to underline their warnings about the dangers to the planet.
On Tuesday, prosecutors also said they had detained 14 people for questioning over vandalism at a protest supported by SLT, against a Lafarge cement plant near the southern city of Marseille.
Protesters called the company "one of the most destructive in the world".
Policing In Spotlight
The dissolution procedure for SLT was launched just after the Sainte-Soline clashes by Interior Minister Gerard Darmanin, using powers that have been previously used to outlaw far-right and Islamist groups.
Darmanin told parliament on Tuesday that it would be debated and potentially enacted during a cabinet meeting on Wednesday, saying "no cause can justify injuries to police officers."
France has faced a wave of protests in recent months, mainly over a hotly contested decision to push back the retirement age, which have at times turned violent.
Some of the demonstrators have vandalised buildings and street furniture or thrown rocks at riot police.
Critics accuse authorities of fomenting tensions with heavy-handed policing tactics and aggressive confrontations with demonstrators.
Many in France were shocked by the scenes at Sainte-Soline, where around 5,000 protesters battled with more than 3,000 police officers.
Two protesters were left in a coma afterwards, while around 30 officers were injured.
The demonstrators were protesting against a giant reservoir for storing water pumped up from the underground water table.
Critics say it will penalise smaller farmers and the ecosystem, while benefitting mainly industrial agriculture groups.
France's Human Rights League (FDH) said afterwards that "as soon as the demonstrators arrived at the reservoir site, police fired at them with weapons of war: tear gas grenades, stun grenades, explosive sting-ball grenades and rubber bullets".
"The deployment put everyone present at risk of serious harm," it said.
Earlier this month, United Nations experts urged France to review its policing practices, expressing concern at the "reported excessive use of force" against protesters, in particular at Sainte-Soline