Pakistan s President Arif Alvi (C) administers the oath to Anwaar-ul-Haq Kakar (L) as caretaker Prime Minister during an oath-taking ceremony while outgoing Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif (seated R) looks on at the President House in Islamabad. 14, 2023. AFP
Kakar, 52, takes charge of a country that has been wracked by political and economic instability for months, with Imran Khan -- Pakistan's most popular politician -- in jail and disqualified from elections for five years.
Kakar was sworn in by President Arif Alvi on Pakistan's Independence Day in a ceremony carried live on TV, having resigned from his post as senator on Sunday.
"I Anwaar-ul-Haq, do swear solemnly... that I will bear true faith and allegiance to Pakistan," he said.
Kakar's first task will be to choose a cabinet to run the country as it heads into an election period that could last for months.
Parliament was officially dissolved last week, with elections due within 90 days according to the constitution.
But data from the latest census was finally published earlier this month, and the outgoing government said the election commission needed time to redraw constituency boundaries.
There has been speculation for months that a vote would be delayed as the establishment struggles to stabilise a country facing overlapping security, economic and political crises.
"I am relinquishing heavy responsibility after 16 months... We came constitutionally and leave as per the direction of the constitution," outgoing premier Shehbaz Sharif said in a farewell address to the nation on Sunday.
Pakistan has been in political turmoil since Khan was dismissed as premier by a no-confidence vote in April 2022, culminating in him being jailed last weekend for three years for graft.
He has been disqualified from standing for office for five years, but is appealing against his sentence and conviction.
- Cracked down -
Authorities have cracked down hard against Khan's Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) party in recent months, crushing his grassroots power by rounding up thousands of his supporters and officials.
Political analyst Hasan Askari Rizvi told AFP at the weekend that Kakar "has a limited political career and not much weight in Pakistani politics".
"This can be an advantage because he has no strong affiliation with the major political parties," he said.
"But the disadvantage is that being a lightweight politician, he may find it difficult to cope with the problems he's going to face without the active support of the military establishment."
Analyst Ayesha Siddiqa noted that Kakar had done courses at the National Defence University -- formerly the military's war college -- and said he would be close to the establishment.
"It seems that the establishment has struck and they have found somebody who will be watching over their interests rather than that of politicians," she said.
Last month, parliament rushed through legislation that gives the caretaker government more power to negotiate with global bodies such as the International Monetary Fund, another clue it may be around for a while.
Some analysts think the delay could give time for the main coalition partners -- the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) and Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) -- to figure out how to address the challenge of Khan's PTI.
"But in reality, delaying the election could simply anger the public more and galvanise an opposition that has already suffered through months of crackdowns," said Michael Kugelman, director of the South Asia Institute at the Wilson Center.
Behind any election in Pakistan lurks the military, which has staged at least three successful coups since the country was forged from the partition of India in 1947.
Khan enjoyed genuine widespread support when he came to power in 2018, but analysts say it was only with the blessing of the country's powerful generals -- with whom he reportedly fell out in the months before his ousting.
For analyst Rasul Bakhsh Rais, Kakar is the "best possible choice given the circumstances" in Pakistan today.
"He is well educated and from a minority province, where the sense of deprivation is very high," he said, adding that another point in the new premier's favour is that he "doesn't carry much political baggage".