Putin says will pardon Khodorkovsky

AFP , Thursday 19 Dec 2013

File Photo: Jailed Russian former oil tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky stands in the defendants' cage during a court session in Moscow in this April 5, 2010 (Photo: Reuters)

Russian President Vladimir Putin announced on Thursday that he planned to pardon former tycoon and bitter Kremlin critic Mikhail Khodorkovsky after more than a decade behind bars.

Putin revealed after his marathon annual news conference that Khodorkovsky had for the first time written a request for a pardon, citing humanitarian circumstances as his mother is ill.

Khodorkovsky's legal team said it had no information that the former head of the now defunct Yukos oil giant had asked for a pardon but the Kremlin said the request had been personally signed by him.

"I think given the circumstances we can take the decision and very soon the decree to pardon him will be signed," Putin said in comments broadcast by state television.

Putin said that under Russian law a convict has to request a pardon before obtaining one.

The Russian leader said the 50-year-old Khodorkovsky -- who was convicted of fraud and embezzlement -- had not done this until now.

"He did not do this and then quite recently he wrote such a document and addressed me with a request for a pardon," said Putin while referring to Khodorkovsky with the respectful patronymic form as Mikhail Borisovich.

"He has already been in detention more than 10 years, this is a serious punishment and he is referring to humanitarian circumstances as his mother is ill," said Putin.

Khodorkovsky's main lawyer Vadim Klyuvgant said the RIA Novosti news agency however: "He has not made a request and we do not have information that someone has made a request on his behalf."

"We do not have such information although there were requests to pardon him over the years from different individuals."

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov however told AFP that the request had been personally "signed" by Khodorkovsky.

Khodorkovsky first became the darling of Western investors nearly 15 years ago when he turned his Yukos oil company into one of the country's most transparent firms.

He used his vast fortune -- estimated at one point at nearly $20 billion -- on efforts to prop up both the liberal and communist opposition to Putin in parliament prior to his 2003 arrest.

The tycoon also directly contradicted Kremlin interests by lobbying for the construction of a Yukos-controlled oil pipeline to China that would compete with the interests of state energy firms.

Khodorkovsky was snatched off his corporate jet by special security forces in October 2003 shortly after Putin warned tycoons who disagreed with government policies about possible probes being launched into their wealth.

He and his business partner Platon Lebedev were convicted of fraud and tax evasion in 2005.

A second trial ended in 2010 with an embezzlement conviction for both men. The decision outraged Western governments and saw the Kremlin accused of pursuing selective justice.

Khodorkovsky had been due to be released in August 2014. There had been rumours of a third trial over allegations of $10 billion money laundering but this now appears impossible after Putin's comments.

The financially-ruined tycoon's impact on contemporary politics is unclear now as the opposition has since rallied around a new generation of leaders who view Khodorkovsky's era of big business with disdain.

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