The Chinese government is expected to spend about $30.10 billion on water conservation projects in 2011, a tenth more than in 2010, the state-run China Daily reported on Saturday.
Priority will be given to improving irrigation to ensure grain security and projects to combat drought and floods, the newspaper said.
It cited Water Resources Minister Chen Lei as telling a government meeting that some of the investment would come from a 10 per cent levy on income earned from the leasing of land. The newspaper did not elaborate.
Other funds would go towards renovating water supply infrastructure for main agriculture regions and ensuring safe drinking water for 60 million rural people, the newspaper added.
"Over the next 10 years, Chen said he hopes the country can double its current average annual investment in water conservation construction," it said.
The government has invested about $ 105.6 billion on water conservation over the past five years, the newspaper said.
Chen Xiwen, director of the central government's rural work leading group who advises top leaders on rural policy, said the government would specifically target water conservation next year because of worry about grain production, it said.
While grain production will rise to 546.4 million tons this year, up by 15.6 million tons on last year, there are worries about next year's harvest because of natural disasters, which could push up food prices, Chen Xiwen added.
The government is paying close attention to the cost of food after prices rose nearly 12 per cent in the year to November, leading overall consumer inflation to a 28-month high of 5.1 per cent.
"We have to accelerate the construction of water conservation facilities as one of the key infrastructures the country needs to secure increasing grain production. We must address issues arising from the country's rapid urbanisation, which has consumed land that used to be used for farming," he said.
Chen Xiwen said this month water shortages and the encroachment of urban development on rural land posed challenges for China to extend increases in grain output after seven years of growth