Stocks fall as recession fears overshadow China reopening hope

AFP , Wednesday 7 Dec 2022

Major stock markets suffered more selling Wednesday on growing fears that Federal Reserve monetary tightening will tip the US economy into recession.

tokyo stocks
A man walks past an electronic board showing the values of various companies trading on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, along a street in Tokyo on December 7, 2022. AFP


The drop followed more steep losses on Wall Street Tuesday after the heads of leading US banks warned of tough times ahead in 2023.

JPMorgan Chase chief Jamie Dimon tipped a "mild to hard recession" and Goldman Sachs' David Solomon said jobs and pay would be hit, while Morgan Stanley and Bank of America were also uneasy about the outlook.

The comments added to the downbeat mood that has coursed through trading floors at the start of the week, after forecast-beating reports on jobs and the giant US services sector fanned worries the Fed would have to push interest rates higher than hoped.

Markets had been rising healthily after a weaker-than-expected inflation reading for October suggested the almost year-long tightening campaign was finally affecting prices.

"Any hopes that the Fed would turn more dovish in the months ahead have been dashed significantly as the vast US services industry is where sticky inflation hangs out," said SPI Asset Management's Stephen Innes.

He added that the latest readings suggest rates would go above five percent before the Fed stops hiking, while several observers have suggested they will not be reduced until 2024.

China easing on Covid

The sombre outlook overshadowed China's moves to wind back some of its harsh Covid rules that traders hope will kickstart the world's number two economy, which has been battered this year by months of lockdowns and other containment measures.

In a sign of the impact the zero-Covid strategy has had, data Wednesday showed that imports and exports plunged far more than expected in November.

On Wednesday, officials announced for the first time a nationwide loosening of restrictions, including a reduction in mandatory PCR tests and allowing some positive cases to quarantine at home.

But while the country edges back to normality, Zhiwei Zhang, of Pinpoint Asset Management, warned that it would take time.

"The zero-Covid policy has been loosened, but mobility has not recovered much on the national level," he said. "I expect exports will stay weak in the next few months as China goes through a bumpy reopening process.

"As global demand weakens in 2023, China will have to rely more on domestic demand."

Other observers said the recent rally fuelled by the reopening may have gone too far and traders were now taking a step back as they contemplate a likely spike in infections in the country.

Oil prices remained stuck at lows not seen for around a year as demand expectations tumble.

Brent on Tuesday sank below $80 for the first time since January, while WTI struck its lowest since December, having plunged from the 14-year highs of around $140 touched in March after Russia invaded Ukraine.

"The crude demand outlook is getting crushed as we are in a slowdown basically across all the major economies," said OANDA's Edward Moya.

"Supplies seem plentiful over the near term and that has everyone hesitating on what was one of the easiest trades of the year."

Key figures around 1145 GMT

London - FTSE 100: DOWN 0.1 percent at 7,516.42 points

Frankfurt - DAX: DOWN 0.4 percent at 14,293.02

Paris - CAC 40: DOWN 0.4 percent at 6,661.54

EURO STOXX 50: DOWN 0.3 percent at 3,946.83

Tokyo - Nikkei 225: DOWN 0.7 percent at 27,686.40 (close)

Hong Kong - Hang Seng Index: DOWN 3.2 percent at 18,814.82 (close)

Shanghai - Composite: DOWN 0.4 percent at 3,199.62 (close)

New York - Dow: DOWN 1.0 percent at 33,596.34 (close)

Euro/dollar: UP at $1.0498 from $1.0470 on Tuesday

Dollar/yen: UP at 137.64 yen from 137.04 yen

Pound/dollar: UP at $1.2156 from $1.2133

Euro/pound: UP at 86.34 pence from 86.26 pence

Brent North Sea crude: UP 0.2 percent at $79.48 per barrel

West Texas Intermediate: UP 0.1 percent at $74.35 per barrel

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