Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva of the International Monetary Fund acknowledges the audience at the opening ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia in Boao in southern China s Hainan Province, Thursday, March 30, 2023. (AP)
Research by the IMF found that growing geopolitical tensions were causing a reallocation of foreign direct investment (FDI) away from countries that were geographically close and towards those that were geopolitically close, like the US and Europe.
This reallocation of FDI has the potential to cause serious damage to emerging market economies, the IMF said, since they are more reliant on inflows of investment from more geopolitically distant countries.
"In general, a fragmented world is likely to be a poorer one," IMF officials wrote in a blog post published Wednesday to accompany the research.
The IMF also published research on Wednesday outlining the impact to the banking sector of geopolitical fragmentation, highlighting the cost to Russia and its allies of the 2022 invasion of Ukraine.
"Cross-border banking and portfolio debt flows to Russia and its allies (countries that rejected the motion in the United Nations in March 2022 to condemn Russia's war on Ukraine) have reversed sharply, with allocations falling by about 20 and 60 percent relative to prewar levels, respectively," IMF officials wrote in a blog post.
The report found that rising tensions between investing and recipient countries like the US and China had reduced the overall bilateral cross-border allocation of portfolio investment and bank claims by around 15 percent.