The globalisation of war and the universality of peace

Ahmed Al-Moslemany
Tuesday 22 Nov 2022

The slogan "Abu Dhabi Peace Forum", which was held under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed, UAE Minister of Foreign Affairs, was very successful.

 

The slogan "Globalisation of War and the Universality of Peace" expressed the entire project of Sheikh Abdullah bin Bayyah. This project is summarised in his golden phrase, quoted by US President Barack Obama in one of his speeches at the United Nations, "War on war must be declared. The result will be a peace on peace."

The speech of His Excellency Sheikh Nahyan bin Mubarak Al Nahyan, Minister of Tolerance and Coexistence, and the speech of Abdullah bin Bayyah, President of the Forum, came as two languages in one speech. It is the discourse of dialogue, tolerance, mutual respect and the promotion of the values of peace, as well as confronting violence and extremism, and stopping wars that threaten our world and the future of our civilisation.

I have always admired the jurisprudence of the scholar Sheikh bin Bayyah, especially in legitimising the Islamic nation-state, refuting extremist theses about the inevitability of abolishing Islamic countries and establishing one central state in the name of the caliphate. These theses have been the basis on which endless blood has been shed throughout the Islamic world, and for centuries.

It is not surprising, of course, that the project of the Brotherhood, as well as the organisations of Al-Qaeda and ISIS, and all the copies issued by it, from the Taliban to Boko Haram, is the abolition of the state and the establishment of the caliphate.

ISIS killed thousands with unprecedented brutality, and Al-Qaeda committed many crimes across vast geographical areas, and the slogan of all this was: "The road to the caliphate!"

Bin Bayyah says: Islamic unity is a place of longing for some, and a place of pity for others. Islam is based on the centrality of the values of justice and charity. "You shall not believe until you love one another", and "believers in their mutual kindness, compassion and sympathy are just like one body, when one of the limbs suffers, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever". Unity does not mean that all Muslims are in one political entity. The nation-state is legitimate, and Islam forbids fighting for the establishment of one entity. Muslim blood, money, and honour are forbidden.

Sheikh Bin Bayyah continues: “The banner of the caliphate carried by extremists is a fake banner and not based on legitimate foundations. The caliphate is a non-binding form of judgment. The national state may not be delegitimised. At the time of the Prophet, peace be upon him, there was another country headed by a Muslim king. He is the Negus who converted to Islam, and the Prophet left him in his reign there in Abyssinia, and did not order him to emigrate. Our scholars have overcome that and mentioned it only in the funerals chapter; when God showed his Prophet the prophesy about the death of the Negus – So he got up and read four Allahu Akbar on him. The caliphate is an illusion, and killing souls for it, is not legitimately justified.”

The world is facing unprecedented challenges today, and US President Joe Biden talked about the battle of Armageddon and the end of the world, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations warned that the world is closer to the end than ever.

The message of this year's Abu Dhabi Peace Forum conference is: while some are seeking to globalise the war, we are seeking the universality of peace.

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