Tunisia's Nawel Ben Kraiem uses music for social change at Hayy Festival (VIDEO)

Rowan El Shimi, Monday 29 Jul 2013

Nawel Ben Kraiem travels from France to Cairo for a performance at the Hayy Festival, energising audiences in a politically turbulent time

Nawel Main
Nawel Ben Kraeim in El-Geneina Theatre (Photo: Bassam Al-Zoghby)

With her charming smile, radiating energy and compelling stage presence, Tunisia's Nawel Ben Kraiem took to El-Geneina's stage on Thursday 25 July. She brought audiences to their feet, dancing and clapping along to the beats of her electro-rock music with a hint of Tunisian folklore.

Ben Kraiem started the night with a traditional song with a pop arrangement about a Tunisian woman who is in love with a Dutch man during the French colonisation of Tunisia. "He is a double enemy of French and Tunisian people," Ben Kraiem told Ahram Online before the show. "It is about that irrational feeling, when you're not allowed to feel something but you feel it anyway," she explained.

Her music is inspired by real-life stories, socio-political issues and sometimes from abstract dreams or thoughts.

Upon starting her second song of the evening in both French and Arabic dedicated to the Tunisian revolution, 'Ya Tunis', Ben Kraiem offered her condolences to slain Tunisian opposition political Mohamed Brahmi, who was killed earlier that day. "Bless all the martyrs of the Arab revolutions," she said.

'Ya Tunis' is a revolutionary song about the euphoric feeling that something is not totally under control, something that is powerful, but makes one afraid at the same time. On revolutions where seemingly the oppressor is gone, and people are happy, but the repercussions are more complicated than that.

Many of Nawel's songs discuss socio-political issues. 'Refugee' is about immigration and the view that that grass would be greener on the other side. 'Revolution' is about breaking past personal limits not political ones.

One of Nawel's most interesting songs is 'Safsari', which has an official video clip. Safsari is about the Islamisation of Tunisian society where women started wearing the veil around ten years ago. "Safsari is the traditional Tunisian scarf that many women used to wear for cultural reasons, which was replaced by the traditional religious scarf," she explained. "It is a message that we forgot our identity and culture, we have to be careful not to let our culture be dominated," she added.

After growing up in Tunisia, Nawel moved to France with her family at the age of 16. Feeling the need to express emotion from a young age, Nawel used to participate in theatre projects. "I felt a bit closed in Tunisia because everything is kept in-house, always having to be aware what people think and so on," she reflected. "There was a kind of freedom in this part of Tunisian society [i.e. the theatre]."

When Nawel arrived in France, she did not find herself in French theatre, so she started writing poems to express herself and found it to be the way she felt most comfortable. "It's easier because with music you don't need to be in a company or something like this. You can just take your guitar and go to a bar," which is what she started doing in Toulouse, then Paris.

"Four years after starting in France, I had my first opportunity to sing in Tunisia where I found the point which links art to society and using it to ask political questions," she said.

In France, Nawel joined several bands, first Cirus who played acoustic music, then Earned Blossom which was a French-Mexican band which played electronic music with Arabic lyrics. "It was very interesting but they had a very clear idea of their artistic direction," she said, emphasising that she was looking for a different sound and an open canvas to come up with her own project. Both endeavours played a great role in her development as an artist through working with talented people, travelling, performing and meeting different artists across the scene.

Interested in the fusion of electronic and Arabic music since a young age, Nawel formed her own band (which she performs with now,) consisting of a nayist, guitarist, bassist and drummer.

"It is the meeting of words and melodies," she explained regarding her music development process where she writes the words, then makes a simple composition that is later built upon. "The way I work is completely not rational, something touches me and I try to express it," she said. "It is generally linked with freedom of the mind and society and its limits."

The audience at El-Geneina (Photo: Bassam Al-Zoghby)

In light of the current political situation in Egypt and Tunisia, where both societies are polarised and there is a constant battle between liberal and Islamist ideologies, one had to ask Nawel for her view on the role of the arts in these turbulent times.

"This kind of religion is not our religion," she said, referring to the hardline Islamist current. "God willing the revolution will reach its objective."

"If your vision of Islam is something that does not let other people express themselves then its not democratic," she explained. "The revolution was for democracy. In Tunisia one of the main problems was that no one could express themselves, both the progressives and the Islamists. The objective of the revolution was so each person has their space, I hope we can build that kind of society."

"I think some extremists do not want that possibility," she added.

On a personal level Nawel does not like to be aggressive with Islamist extremists in her art, regardless of her personal views.

"Art also has the objective to make people take distance, to dream a little bit and not be so linked to the society," she said, commenting that hip hop is the most popular music in Tunisia at the moment since it directly comments on current events. "We also need poetic stuff, not directly linked, songs about experiences are also necessary."

"The Arabic world has to link to our own culture of pop and rock music," she said. "It's a revolution also, it is part of the movement."


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