Valencia s Santi Mina. AFP
According to the sentence, Mina will not be able to communicate or be within 500 metres of the victim for 12 years.
Mina has appealed against the sentence.
The 26-year-old was cleared of the charge of sexual assault, for which the state prosecutor had sought a sentence of eight years in prison, which according to Spanish law necessitates proof of intimidation or violence.
Mina's friend David Goldar, who plays for second-tier club Ibiza, was found not guilty after he was accused of being an accomplice.
The woman accused Mina of raping her in a campervan in June 2017 in the town of Mojacar in south-east Spain, where Mina was on holiday with Goldar.
Celta Vigo announced on Wednesday they have "temporarily removed" Mina from the squad and "opened disciplinary proceedings to clarify his work responsibilities in view of the ruling."
Celta said the club "respect the player's right to a defence but is obliged to take measures in light of events that undermine the image of the club and directly attack its values, showing once again its absolute condemnation of the offence defined in the judicial ruling."
Mina was playing for Valencia at the time of the offence. He joined Celta in 2019.
(For more sports news and updates, follow Ahram Online Sports on Twitter at @AO_Sports and on Facebook at AhramOnlineSports.)