Tetisheri - The last known pyramid for a queen in Ancient Egypt is back!

Nevine El-Aref , Friday 23 Jun 2023

The sacred archaeological site of Abydos in Upper Egypt is one of the most fascinating sites in the country- rich in its ancient ruins spanning the entire Ancient Egyptian era.

The Tetiisheri mudbrick pyramid in Abydos after its restoration. Photo : Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities

You will find on the site a mudbrick pyramid for Queen Tetisheri - the last known pyramid for a queen in Ancient Egypt.

Tetisheri was the mother of King Seqenenre - the ruler who led the war against the Hyksos.

Pharaoh Ahmose I erected a memorial structure at Abydos - in nowadays Sohag governorate in Upper Egypt - in her honour in his own necropolis.

This mudbrick structure was first discovered in 1902.

It comprised a stela detailing the dedication by Ahmose I and his sister-wife Ahmose-Nefertari of a pyramid and an enclosure to Tetisheri.

Mostafa Waziri, the Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, explains that the objective of the Tetisheri pyramid’s restoration project, carried out by an Egyptian American mission, is to maintain and preserve the pyramid for the future generation.

The restoration work comprised the consolidation of the pyramid’s foundation and walls.

It also entailed replacing its missing parts to offer visitors a complete view of the pyramid and the construction methods used by the Ancient Egyptians to erect it.

The restoration team also documented the whole pyramid along with its distinguished architecture and construction methods, added Waziri.

Mohamed Abdel-Badie, the head of the Central Department for Upper Egyptian Antiquities, said that all of the pyramid's bricks that scattered around the site over the centuries have been retrieved and restored to their original positions on its walls.

All weak parts of the walls were also consolidated while void spaces between the pyramid’s bricks were filled with mortars like the original ones used by ancient Egyptians, added Abdel-Badie.

Meanwhile, Debora Fishak, the head of the archaeological mission on the American side, said that the mission has fabricated a light wooden structure on the original surface of the inclined pyramid - at an angle of 63 degrees - in order to ensure that the angle of inclination of the walls was preserved during restoration.

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