Mosque of Al-Rifa’i was built in 1869 and completed in 1880, containing the tomb of Sheikh Ali Al-Rifa’i.
The mosque is deemed neo-Mamluk architecture with its overall symmetry. It features 19 different types of marble imported from seven countries, 44 grand columns to complete all its chambers, as well as ceilings gilded in gold.
The mosque is frequently visited in the belief that Al-Rifa’i will still grant blessings and holds the tombs of Farouk, the last king of Egypt, next to his father King Fouad I and his sister Princess Ferial.
Mohammed Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran, who died in exile in Egypt, was buried in Al-Rifa’i Mosque in 1980 and his burial place is an annual destination of his spouse ever since, under all rulers without exception.
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