The Israeli apartheid wall is a separation barrier that was built by Israel in the occupied West Bank in June 2002 during the second Palestinian Intifada.
The wall, which has been condemned by international rights organisations, has hampered the movement of Palestinians across the West Bank and divided agricultural land, villages and towns. Israel has also built a system of Jewish-only highways across the West Bank to protect the movement of thousands of illegal Jewish settlers.
In October 2015, Israeli occupation forces began erecting a new wall in annexed East Jerusalem, claiming to protect a Jewish neighbourhood which they claim is subject to firebomb and stone attacks launched from a nearby Palestinian village. The new wall effectively divides Palestinian Jabel Mukaber and Jewish Armon Hanatziv, raising criticism among many who view the move as comparable to South Africa's former system of apartheid. Israeli opposition groups have said that the move is a de facto division of Jerusalem.
For several weeks Palestinians have been waging demonstrations against the 48-year-old occupation by Israel of Palestinian territories in East Jerusalem, the West Bank and Gaza.
Read more about the Palestinian struggle here